HCM CITY (VNS) — The failure to encourage students to enroll in vocational streams has led to the low quality of human resources in the country, experts told a conference yesterday.
Dr Nguyen Dac Hung, head of the Central Committee for Propaganda and Education’s Department for Vocational Training, said the qualifications and skills of the country’s workforce are too low.
If things do not change, its human resources cannot compete with those from other countries when Viet Nam joins the ASEAN Economic Community in 2015, he warned.
Counselling students to enroll in vocational streams could help improve human resource quality, he said.
Associate Professor Dr Mac Van Tien, head of the National Institute for Vocational Training, said there has been a failure to guide children to join vocational schools for the last 20 years.
Therefore, most secondary school graduates automatically enroll in high schools, and high school graduates in universities, he said, and only a small number join technical and vocational training schools.
One fallout is that unemployment among people with university degrees is much higher than those with vocational training, he said.
The country lacks professional secondary and high school staff to guide students to enter vocational streams, he said.
He called for improving dissemination of information about vocational schools, incentives for students choosing vocational streams, and the need for human resources graduating from vocational schools.
The Government should review its incentives for students choosing vocational schools and businesses working with schools to provide vocational guidance, he said.
Offering incentives would be one way to attract students to vocational schools, he added.
Pham Ngoc Thanh, deputy head of the HCM City Department of Education and Training, spoke about the city’s success in persuading students to choose vocational studies.
The People’s Committee interest in the matter has contributed to the success, he said.
His department works with businesses to expose students to vocational skills and encourage them to enter such schools, he said.
It also co-operates with district authorities to offer encouragement at the family level too, he added.