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Implementation of EIS in Malaysia Calls for Unanimous Industry UproarManagement NEWS People Development April 19, 2017
91 industry organisations have unanimously objected to the Ministry of Human Resource’s proposal to set up the Employment Insurance Scheme (EIS). It is understood that the Minister of Human Resources YB Dato’ Sri Richard Riot Jaem plans to table the proposed EIS Bill in Parliament in July this year. The proposed EIS purports to assist retrenched workers by providing temporary financial assistance and opportunities for reskilling and upskilling.
Under the EIS, employers and employees are required to contribute an equal percentage of employees’ salaries (0.25% by employers and 0.25% by employees) to a common pool to be managed by SOCSO.
Given that there are obvious flaws with the proposed EIS, which is detrimental to both employees and employers, only a few employees and recalcitrant employers will benefit at the expense of other employees and responsible employers.
During the height of the Asian Financial crisis 1997-98, the number of employees retrenched was only about 0.6% of the total workforce. Of all the retrenched employees, 95% received their termination benefits while only 5% (which is effectively only 0.03% of the total workforce) were left in the lurch.
If the intent purpose of the EIS is to look after the interest of these 5% of the retrenched workers, who were not paid retrenchment benefits, the structure of any proposal should be proportionate to the potential pay out to these workers.
However, on the basis of the EIS being implemented, the contributions by 100% of the entire workforce from both employers and employees would amount to a staggering RM1.142 billion (based on 0.5% x 6.8 million private sector workers x average RM2800 salary x 12 months) every year, while the pay out to potential retrenched staff who are not paid termination benefits, which is only 0.03% of the entire workforce, would not be more than RM17.13 million (0.6% x 5% unpaid x RM2800 x 3 months x 6.8 million workers), which is only 1.5% of that amount collected.
The EIS is clearly not equitable as the amount collected is overly disproportionate, to the intent purpose of the proposal. It is clearly unwarranted as occurrences of unpaid retrenchment benefits is not more than 5%, even during the worst of the Asian financial crisis in 1997-98.
Since then, the compliance by employers had improved over the years and in 2015, all employees who were retrenched received their benefits. In fact, in terms of economic cycles, an economic downturn which results in retrenchment does not occur every year, while the EIS, if implemented, will result in both employees and the employers having to contribute every year.
The EIS will also encourage irresponsible employers to forgo paying retrenchment benefits because they know their employees will be taken care of, by other employees and responsible employers.
The Industry groups argue on the point that, “The good employers and other employees (who are not retrenched) should not be made to pay for recalcitrant employers. The monies to be collected by the proposed EIS fund are way in excess of the potential unpaid retrenchment benefits.”
“There is no need for EIS as the current system of paying the employment termination and lay-off benefits under the law, and payment of retrenchment benefits under collective agreements are working very well.”
“The company and their workers will be penalized as revenues and wages will continue to be deducted on a monthly basis every year, even when the economy is performing well with no retrenchment.”
The proposed EIS also seeks to dwell into Active Labour Market Policies (ALMPs) which involve job seeking, job matching, job placement, career counselling, and job training/ upskilling/ reskilling.
The ALMPs are currently the responsibility of the Government; e.g. Jobs Malaysia, and The Institute for Labour Market Information and Analysis (ILMIA) and is further supported by employers through contributions to the Human Resource Development Fund (HRDF).
Employees and employers should not be made to pay and contribute to the EIS, whereby part of the fund would be used for the functioning of the ALMPs.
The industry organisations wish to emphasize that, while they are equally concerned about the plight of a small group of workers who may be left without any retrenchment compensations, due to recalcitrant employers. They are of a view that the EIS is not acceptable due to the flaws and reasons as mentioned above.
The industry organisations are however, supportive of alternative schemes to help retrenched employees where the associated costs are fair, reasonable and equitable to employees, employers and the government, and whereby all three parties take equal responsibility but with limited liability.
It is also pertinent to highlight that, of late the industries and businesses have been burdened with additional costs of doing business arising from increase in SOCSO’s threshold contribution from RM3,000 to RM4,000 and extension of coverage to all employees. The minimum wages were increased by 11% for Peninsular Malaysia and 15% for East Malaysia with effect from 1st July 2016.
The impending extension of HRDF to widen the scope of employers to be covered, with effect from 1 April, 2017 will also add to the cost of doing business. In addition, the frequent loading of the cost of hiring foreign workers will further burden the business sector.
The continued loading of costs on the business sector will only cause some businesses to fail, which can then lead to potential unpaid retrenchment benefits. In this regard, if indeed the Government is concerned about the adverse effects of retrenchments, the Government should NOT allow such loading of costs. A viable business will not see any retrenchment, and on the contrary, the employees will have job security as well as enhanced rewards as the business prospers.
It is therefore crucial that before making any policy changes, including matters such as the EIS are formulated, there must be engagement with the industry sector/stakeholders such that a comprehensive and a holistic solution can be achieved collectively.
Image credit: LinkedIn
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