Office Safety: Marijuana and Illegal Drugs in the Workplace

February 22, 20193:39 pm
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ASEAN is the sixth largest economy in the world, behind the United States, China, Japan, France, and Germany. However, according ASEAN drug monitoring 2017 report, countries in the region are also one of the largest communities that hold responsibility on drug abuse and marijuana/illegal drug usage. The drug monitoring reports that working age people range from 15 to 64 years old hold responsibility of illicit drug usage.

Moreover, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) as written in the drug monitoring report estimated around 5.6 percent of global adult population used drugs at least once in 2016. More and more individuals aged 30 years and below were reported as illicit drug consumers and violations in the following years. It happens across ASEAN countries such as Singapore, Cambodia, China, Myanmar, etc.  

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What has it to do with companies?  

National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIH) reported that employees who tested positive for marijuana had 55 percent industrial accidents, 85 percent injuries, and 75 percent greater absenteeism. Allowing a positive consumer working in your company could also impact organisation’s bottom line such as decreasing productivity, increasing worker compensation and unemployment compensation claim, increasing high turnover, and lawsuits.

Likewise,  NIH also reported that marijuana has negative effects on attention, memory, and learning which can last for days or weeks after acute effects of drugs wear off.  As a result, employee who consumes marijuana daily might be functioning at a reduced intellectual level most or all of time. That being said, as drug consumers are reported to have high violation behaviours and even low performance in term of thinking and learning, your company might be at risk if hiring one of them. There will be more threat including workplace violation or even harassment. It will also be difficult for human resources management to manage those active illicit drug consumers.  

What do employers need to do?  

One of brilliant ways to prevent drug abusers from entering your office is by conducting drug testing before hiring candidates. According to US Drug Test Centers, “while it does little to curb drug use of overall, drug testing on new hires has other benefits.” Employers who conduct drug test can likely to reduce absenteeism, turnover, and liability of workplace accidents. Other benefits are:  

  • Health and safety – workers are less likely to be injured due to impaired co-worker’s mistakes, especially in safety-sensitive jobs.
  • Improved morale – a drug-free workplace has less conflict, and shows employees that company cares.
  • Reduced insurance costs – drug use can cause many health problems, and frequent insurance claims could increase everyone’s premiums.
  • A second chance – many employers will allow workers who fail a drug test a chance enter rehab and return to work clean and sober.

However, there are two downside of drug testing such as:

  • employers might lose out on good employees and talented candidates. Therefore, 1 in every 20 companies is considering removing marijuana testing from their hiring policy.
  • candidates might lose trust on their employer. The survey shows that many new hires will not give their bodily fluid or medical history to their employer or considering drug testing is a sign that management does not trust them.

Should you have drug policy?

Depending on every state your company is in, absence of marijuana policy in workplace and employers taking a chance of drug test without policy can ‘probably’ lead company to court. However, to minimise the risk, it is better to create a policy regarding this issue than not having at all. So, according to Zenefits, you should ask these questions when setting up a company marijuana in workplace policy.

  1. When and under what circumstances will you test employees?
  2. What substances will you test for?
  3. Who will conduct the tests?
  4. What are the employee’s right and responsibilities under the policy?
  5. What is the timeframe within which an employee must submit to a test?
  6. What is the process to determine a medical exception to the policy?
  7. What happens to the employee in the event of a failed test?

However, not only should you protect your company, you should also think of employee’s right. US Drug Test Centers said that employees can always refuse a drug test, but in most cases and states, it can cost them their jobs and unemployment benefits. The two employee’s rights you should include are: (1) Employees can protect their result unless when legally required; (2) Employees can protect their other medical information the test might reveal. For a privacy reason, drug test results are considered protected health information and must be kept confidential.

NOTE:

  1. You should also set up regulation and policy regarding the use of marijuana to treat medical condition.
  2. You might want to consider ASEAN Work Plan on Securing Communities against Illicit Drugs 20162025 report to create a more conducive company’s and employee’s policy.

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